RCC English Language Assessment Test
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- Prepare yourself according to the sample question paper
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Sample of RCC English Assessment Test
- Duration of the listening section is 20 minutes.
- Listening section has two audios; you should spend 10 minutes on each audio.
- Listen to the audio carefully and answer the following question based on the audio.
- You can forward, backward, pause, and play the audio as many times as you want.
- Each audio is followed by five questions.
- Duration of the Reading section is 20 minutes.
- Reading section has two essays; you should spend 10 minutes on each essay.
- Read the essay carefully and answer the following question based on the essay.
- Each essay has 5 questions.
Pluto is a dwarf planet in the Kuiper belt, a ring of bodies beyond the orbit of Neptune. It was the first object discovered in the Kuiper belt and remains the largest known body in that area. After Pluto was discovered in 1930, it was declared the ninth planet from the Sun. However, beginning in the 1990s, its status as a planet was questioned following the discovery of several objects of comparable size in the Kuiper belt and the scattered disc, including the dwarf planet Eris, leading the International Astronomical Union (IAU) in 2006 to define the term planet formally excluding Pluto and reclassifying it as a dwarf planet.
Pluto is the ninth largest and tenth-most-massive known object directly orbiting the Sun. It is the largest known trans-Neptunian object by volume but is less massive than Eris. Like other Kuiper belt objects, Pluto is primarily made of ice and rock and is relatively small—one-sixth the mass of the Moon and one-third its volume. It has a moderately eccentric and inclined orbit, ranging from 30 to 49 astronomical units (4.5 to 7.3 billion kilometers 2.8 to 4.6 billion miles) from the Sun.
Pluto has five known moons: Charon, Styx, Nix, Kerberos, and Hydra. The New Horizons spacecraft performed a flyby of Pluto on July 14, 2015, becoming the first and, to date, only spacecraft to do so. The plains on Pluto’s surface are composed of more than 98 percent nitrogen ice, with traces of methane and carbon monoxide.
Naming of Pluto
The discovery made headlines across the Earth. The Lowell Observatory had the right to name the new object. They received over 1000 suggestions from all over the world. Some proposed Atlas as the name. Others wanted to name it Zymal. Tombaugh urged Slipher to suggest a name for the new object quickly before someone else did. Constance Lowell proposed Zeus, then Lowell, and finally Constance. These suggestions were not used.
The name Pluto was proposed by Venetia Burney (later Venetia Phair). She was an 11-year-old schoolgirl in Oxford, England then. Venetia was interested in classical mythology and astronomy. The name was of the Roman god of the underworld. She thought it was a good name for a dark and cold world. She suggested it when she was talking with her grandfather Falconer Madan. He was a former librarian at the University of Oxford’s Bodleian Library. Madan passed the name to Professor Herbert Hall Turner. Turner told this proposed name to the astronomers in the United States.
A gladiator was an armed combatant who entertained audiences in the Roman Republic and Roman Empire in violent confrontations with other gladiators, wild animals, and condemned criminals. Some gladiators were volunteers who risked their lives and their legal and social standing by appearing in the arena. Most were despised as slaves, schooled under harsh conditions, socially marginalized, and segregated even in death. Irrespective of their origin, gladiators offered spectators an example of Rome’s martial ethics and, in fighting or dying well, they could inspire admiration and popular acclaim. They were celebrated in high and low art, and their value as entertainers was commemorated in precious and commonplace objects throughout the Roman world.
The origin of gladiatorial combat is open to debate. There is evidence of it in funeral rites during the Punic Wars of the 3rd century BC, and thereafter it rapidly became an essential feature of politics and social life in the Roman world. Its popularity led to its use in ever more lavish and costly games.
The gladiator games lasted for nearly a thousand years, reaching their peak between the 1st century BC and the 2nd century AD. Christians disapproved of the games because they involved idolatrous pagan rituals, and the popularity of gladiatorial contests declined in the fifth century, leading to their disappearance.
The gladiatrix is the female equivalent of the gladiator of ancient Rome. Like their male counterparts, gladiatrices fought each other, or wild animals, to entertain audiences at various games and festivals. They seem to have used much the same equipment as male gladiators, but were heavily outnumbered by them, and were almost certainly considered an exotic rarity by their audiences. They seem to have been introduced during the very late republic and early empire and were officially banned as unseemly from 200 AD onwards.
In ancient Rome, munera were public works and entertainments provided for the benefit of the Roman people by individuals of high status and wealth. Munera means “duty, obligation”, expressing the individual’s responsibility to provide a service or contribution to his community. A gladiator might expect to fight in two or three munera annually, and an unknown number would have died in their first match. Few gladiators survived more than 10 contests, though one survived an extraordinary 150 bouts; and another died at 90 years of age, presumably long after retirement. A natural death following retirement is also likely for three individuals who died at 38, 45, and 48 years respectively.
- Duration of the Writing section is 20 minutes.
- Carefully examine the figure and write your examination in a minimum of 100 words.
- Duration of the speaking module is 10 minutes.
- Speaking is a one-to-one interview with the examiner.
- The examiner asks the candidate about themself, their home, work or studies, and other familiar topics.
- Number of questions may vary from 10 to 20.
What is your name?
Please show your identity document
Lets talk something about Sky
- Can you describe the sky in your own words?
- Do you like the sky?
- How often do you look at the sky?
- Is there a good place to look at the sky where you live?
Lets talk something about Weekends
- How do you usually spend your weekends? What do you usually do on weekends?
- What did you do last weekend?
- What are you going to do next weekend?
- Do you think that weekends now are more important to you, than when you were a child?
Lets talk something about Friends
- Do you have many friends?
- Do you prefer to spend time with friends or spend time alone?
- What do you and your friends do together?
- Are friends more important than family?